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Horizontal Centrifugal Pumps VS Vertical Centrifugal Pumps

Jun. 06, 2022

Centrifugal pumps can be found in many industrial applications. They offer excellent operating efficiency and versatility in terms of pressure and liquid flow. In-line centrifugal pumps will be available in different configurations: horizontal and vertical.


Next, the centrifugal pump supplier will explain the advantages, disadvantages and applications of horizontal centrifugal pumps and vertical centrifugal pumps.


Basic design differences

The first and most obvious difference is the orientation of the shaft. Horizontal centrifugal pumps have a horizontally oriented shaft, usually between bearings or between cantilevers. Vertical centrifugal pumps, meanwhile, have vertically oriented shafts. The shafts are designed to be radially dissected and overhung.


Deciding which pump to use in your operation may depend on several factors. These include the overall ease of operating and maintaining the pump, installation space and functionality. With this in mind, we will now examine some of the advantages and disadvantages of each pump design.

Vertical Centrifugal Ceramic (SIC) Sump Pump

Vertical Centrifugal Ceramic (SIC) Sump Pump

Horizontal centrifugal pumps - advantages and disadvantages

On the positive side, horizontal centrifugal pumps have easily accessible internal components, making them easier to install and maintain. You can choose the right shaft design to provide the desired pumping pressure. Low suction applications are best served with overhanging shafts, while you need bearing internal shafts for high suction. Horizontal centrifugal pumps can be easily and securely attached to external accessories such as turbines, electric motors or fuel-powered engines. Finally, the low headroom of a horizontal pump makes it ideal for indoor applications where vertical space is often tight.


On the downside, if your plant requires floor space considerations, horizontal centrifugal pumps will take up a larger footprint. In general, horizontal pumps operate at lower temperatures and pressures compared to vertical pumps. You also do not want to use a horizontal centrifugal pump for applications that require a higher NPSH (net positive suction head) than the particular pump can provide. In this sense, it has a limited capacity.


Horizontal applications

High temperature

Spraying systems

Water circulation

Fluid transfer

General Purpose


Vertical Centrifugal Pumps - Advantages and Disadvantages

When you have limited surface area and need a pump with a smaller footprint, vertical centrifugal pumps are sure to take up less floor space. They are ideal for fluids with high temperatures and pressures, and can be modified from NPSH to handle a wider range of applications.


YSP Vertical Centrifugal Ceramic (SIC) Sump Pumps are immersed in liquid and adopt single pump casing structure connected by cassette. They have wide flow passage and ceramic lining. They have good abrasion resistance, corrosion resistance and high reliability. They are suitable for conveying abrasive and high concentration slurry. Without shaft seal and shaft seal water, it can work normally under the condition of insufficient suction.


Vertical Applications


Water tanks

Booster Stations

Booster Stations


Vertical Centrifugal Sump Pumps are designed to reliably handle corrosive, abrasive, hazardous and toxic process fluids and factory wastewater over a wide range of temperature and pH values. These rugged pumps are widely used in chemical, textile, pharmaceutical, pulp and paper, semiconductor, electroplating and other manufacturing industries, as well as processing, environmental control and water/wastewater treatment in utilities and municipal water treatment facilities.


Let us help you find the best pump for your needs. Contact us today or visit our website to learn more about centrifugal pumps and accessories.


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